Types of Pneumoconiosis

While all types of pneumoconiosis affect the performance of the lungs, there are a number of different forms of the condition, depending on the type of dust that the sufferer was exposed to.

The main types of pneumoconiosis are:

  • Asbestosis – asbestosis is caused by prolonged exposure to asbestos dust. Symptoms of the disease often do not appear for decades after the exposure, making it difficult to identify and find those responsible. Find out more in the asbestos section of our website.
  • Silicosis – silicosis is caused by breathing in silica dust – also known as respirable crystalline silica. It results in the scarring or hardening of the lungs, making the sufferer very short of breath. Find out more in the silicosis section of our website.
  • Welder’s Lung – welder’s lung, also known as siderosis, is caused by inhaling tiny iron particles. When compared to the other types of pneumoconiosis it is a relatively benign condition, but it may cause some breathing difficulties. It usually affects those in the metalworking industry.
  • Kaolin Pneumoconiosis – kaolin pneumoconiosis, also known as china clay pneumoconiosis, is caused by inhaling kaolin – a substance found in china clay, and used to make medicines, toothpastes and paper. It is a rare disease and unlike other types of pneumoconiosis it does not usually result in breathing problems.
  • Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis – this type of pneumoconiosis is also known as black lung disease. It is caused, as the name suggests, by exposure to coal dust, and so it normally affects miners. There are two types:
    • Simple coal worker’s pneumoconiosis – an early form of the disease, which often has no symptoms. People who live in polluted cities are also at risk of developing this condition.
    • Progressive massive fibrosis – prolonged exposure to coal dust will result in scarring and hardening of the lung tissue, seriously affecting the performance of the lungs.

If you or a loved one have contracted pneumoconiosis as a result of working conditions you may be entitled to claim compensation.

Worried about making a claim? Give us a call on 0800 0891331 and talk it through.

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